Although a company car continues to be seen as an enticing work perk to most, employees are increasingly being offered a cash allowance as an alternative to a company car scheme. But what’s the difference between a company car scheme and car allowance? This guide looks at the costs, long-term implications, advantages and disadvantages of both to help you decide which option best suits your needs.
A company car scheme is where a company offers its employees a vehicle for personal and business use. Company cars are usually offered to those who need to drive as a requirement of their job or to other employees as an additional work perk.
One popular company car scheme is salary sacrifice, where an employee gives up part of their gross salary in exchange for a fully maintained and insured new vehicle. As the salary is sacrificed before tax and national insurance contributions are taken, the employee effectively gets a brand new car at a significantly lower cost than the retail market. Typically servicing, maintenance and fully comprehensive motor insurance is included in the scheme.
To enter into a company car scheme, employees generally need to be in a substantive or permanent position within the business and have a regular pattern of work. Their wage must also not drop below the national minimum wage once they join the scheme.
Employees who enter a company car scheme will have to pay ‘Benefit in Kind’ (BIK) tax, as the vehicle is considered a perk on top of their salary. How much tax they’ll pay depends on a range of factors, including the vehicle market price, fuel type, income tax band and amount of CO2 emissions. If your company car scheme includes fuel, you’ll also need to pay tax on the cash equivalent of your annual fuel allowance.
When effectively managed, a company car scheme is an attractive way for employees to save on the cost of driving a brand new vehicle, even after paying BIK tax. Some of the other benefits of company car schemes include:
While there are many benefits to taking a company car, there are some downsides that you need to take into consideration. These include:
A company car allowance is a one-time cash sum added to an employee’s annual salary. Employees can use the money to either buy their own car or lease a vehicle privately.
There’s no set rule as to the amount that your employer can pay you as a company car allowance, but generally the cash equates to what your employer would have paid to lease a company car, as well as the business miles you’ll cover. Your employer may also give you minimum specifications for the type of vehicle you’re allowed to buy, including the age, CO2 emissions and number of seats.
While you don’t have to worry about BIK with a company car allowance, it is subject to the same tax as your salary because it’s a cash benefit scheme. You’ll pay personal income tax and national insurance on the allowance but once it’s in your bank, it’s yours to use as you wish. Some people don’t use this allowance for a vehicle, choosing instead to cover the cost of public transport.
The main benefit of a company car allowance is having a wider range of vehicles to choose from as you’re not restricted by the company’s car fleet. Some of the other advantages of a cash alternative to a company car include:
Some of the pitfalls of a company car allowance that you need to take into consideration include:
As with most choices, which option is best for you depends on your personal circumstances, financial outlook and business requirements. For most people and businesses the preferred route tends to be the one that saves the most money.
A car allowance is a good option if you already own a car and don’t need to upgrade or cover the cost of public transport, have a specific vehicle in mind you’d like to buy, or want an asset that you can sell at a later date. However, if you’re a higher rate taxpayer, you could end up with an amount of cash that’s significantly lower than the value of a company car.
To work out whether a company car or car allowance is the most cost effective option for you, take the monthly allowance you’d be entitled to and deduct any tax and national insurance contributions. If you’re sure that the money you’d have left over would cover your remaining motoring costs like insurance, repairs and depreciation, then a cash alternative could be beneficial. If not, you may be better off with a company car.
Ultimately, whether you go for a company car scheme or car allowance is up to you. If you have a question regarding leasing a company car, contact our dedicated team today on 0113 387 4241 to discuss your requirements.
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